Director,
Writer,
Actor,
Compositor
Born in 1894, Russia
 
Died in 1976
Abram ROOM
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Абрам Матвеевич РООМ
Abram ROOM
From filmography
 
Director
1971 - Prezdevremennyy chelovek (Преждевременный человек) [102 mn]
1969 - Tsvety zapozdalye (Цветы запоздалые) [fiction, 101 mn]
1964 - Granatovyy braslet (Гранатовый браслет) [fiction, 91 mn]
1956 - Serdtse byotsya vnov (Сердце бьется вновь) [fiction, 93 mn]
1955 - Tayna vechnoy nochi (Тайна вечной ночи) [fiction, 75 mn]
1953 - Serebristaya pyl (Серебристая пыль) [fiction, 102 mn]
1952 - Shkola zlosloviya (Школа злословия) [fiction, 161 mn]
1949 - Sud chesti (Суд чести) [fiction, 100 mn]
1946 - V gorakh Yugoslavii (В горах Югославии) [fiction, 86 mn]
1944 - Nashestvie (Нашествие) [fiction, 100 mn]
1942 - Tonya (Тоня)
1942 - Nashi devushki (Наши девушки) [32 mn]
1941 - Veter s Vostoka (Ветер с Востока) [fiction, 88 mn]
1939 - Eskadrilya N°5 (Эскадрилья № 5) [fiction, 90 mn]
1936 - Strogiy yunosha (Строгий юноша) [fiction, 100 mn]
1931 - Manometr-1 (Манометр-1)
1931 - Manometr-2 (Манометр-2)
1929 - Prividenie, kotoroe ne vozvrashchayetsya (Привидение, которое не возвращается) [fiction, 85 mn]
1928 - Ukhaby (Ухабы) [fiction, 76 mn]
1928 - Plan velikikh rabot (План великих работ)
1927 - Tretya Meshthanskaya (Третья Мещанская) [fiction, 74 mn]
1927 - Evrei na zemlya (Евреи на земля) [documentary]
1926 - Bukhta smerti (Бухта смерти) [fiction, 64 mn]
1926 - Predatel (Предатель) [fiction, 77 mn]
1926 - Krasnaya Presnya (Красная Пресня)
1924 - Gonka za samogonkoy (Гонка за самогонкой)
1924 - Chto govorit "Mos", sey otgadayte vopros (Что говорит "мос", сей отгадайте вопрос)
 
Writer
1977 - Vragi (Враги) by Rodion NAKHAPETOV [fiction, 77 mn]
1969 - Tsvety zapozdalye (Цветы запоздалые) by Abram ROOM [fiction, 101 mn]
1964 - Granatovyy braslet (Гранатовый браслет) by Abram ROOM [fiction, 91 mn]
1927 - Tretya Meshthanskaya (Третья Мещанская) by Abram ROOM [fiction, 74 mn]
1924 - Chto govorit "Mos", sey otgadayte vopros (Что говорит "мос", сей отгадайте вопрос)
 
Actor
1927 - Potseluj (Поцелуй Мэри Пикфорд) by Sergey KOMAROV [fiction, 90 mn]
 
Compositor
1969 - Tsvety zapozdalye (Цветы запоздалые) by Abram ROOM [fiction, 101 mn]
 
Sites : IMDb, Chapaev.media

Biography
Abram Room was born in Lithuania, in Vilno, in 1894. He studied neuropsychology from 1915 to 1917 in Petrograd. After fighting in the Red Army, he worked as a dentist and then as a journalist. In 1919 he turned to the theater, which he already attended as an amateur at university. Until 1923 he was the director of the experimental children's theater in Saratov, then, in 1924, at the Revolutionary Theater in Moscow. He approached the cinema in 1924 by making short advertising films. As part of an anti-alcohol campaign, he also shoots a comedy Hunting the Underground Distillers.
With his first film, made in 1926, The Bay of Death , he immediately established himself as a leading filmmaker. Indeed, he immediately manifests a powerful vision of history supported by a great lyrical talent in the use of the image and the choice of angles, frames, cutting. The following films confirm his gifts. The audacity of the subject and the image come together in Three in a basement (1927) and in Cahots (1928) which deal with the new sexual morality. In 1930, The Ghost Who Does Not Return aroused admiration: he was compared to Fritz Lang for his sense of geometry, but also to Resnais for the mixture of dream and reality. , to Orson Welles for the human type he had created in the person of the plainclothes police officer. A pioneer, in 1928 he made the first Soviet sound film Le Plan des grands travaux , a documentary.
Room affirmed that the vocation of cinema was to represent contemporary life: "preeminence, he said in 1925, belongs to living men". He is interested in psychology, facial expressions. His style is characterized by continuous cutting, long shots ( The Bay of Death contains one of 2 minutes and 12 seconds). He died in Moscow in 1976.
 

commentaries
- Лента длиною в эпоху. Шедевры советского кино , Neya ZORKAYA, 2017, Bely Gorod
- A Severe Young Man [Строгий юноша, director : Abram ROOM, 1936] , Gerald McCAUSLAND, 2012, rusfilm.pitt.edu
- Camp Cinema : Russian Style 2012, rusfilm.pitt.edu
- Второй план в советском кино , Yevgeni MARGOLIT, 2012, seance.ru
- Кинокэмп по-русски , Andrew CHAPMAN, 2012,
- Entre la chambre à coucher et le chantier Trois DVD soviétiques des années trente. Éditions Montparnasse. , Emile BRETON, 2009, humanite.fr
- La Moscou du « plan stalinien » à travers l’œuvre de L’OST et la fiction cinématographique , Valérie POZNER, Élisabeth ESSAIAN, Cécile PICHON-BONIN, 2007, Presses Universitaires de Rennes
- Bed and Sofa : The Film Companion , Julian GRAFFY, 2001, I.B.Tauris
- Les origines du cinéma soviétique : un regard neuf , Myriam TSIKOUNAS, 1992, Cerf